advanced photoshop

How I Made: Victorian Gothic

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Tips & Tutorials, by Rebecca Greig

Digital painter Andy Walsh talks about creating mood and avoiding detail in Victorian Gothic

How I Made: Victorian GothicAlthough he is also an accomplished 3D artist, Andy Walsh says he has come to regard 3D as a crutch. “I decided to do a street scene that was more painterly,” he says, because “3D can look very digital and fake.” His work often explores the dark and the gothic, so the Victorian setting was easy to choose. “I’ve always loved that kind of moody historical setting,” he explains. “The Victorian era is one of my favourites, it’s so gritty and there’s this mixture of architecture and organic, warping materials. The architecture was alive back then.”

To create the painterly feel he used a lot of custom brushes to paint over the photographic elements. “I also tend to Smart Blur photos all the time to reduce their detail down,” he says. “I don’t like detail and I’m still working on getting detail out of my piece. A famous artist (I forget who) recently said that people often think it’s a compliment to say ‘wow, your piece is so detailed,’ but as a fundamental principle of good painting, detail needs to be implied. Most of the time anyway…”

How I Made: Victorian Gothic01 A new/old start Before I start I spend a lot of time gathering reference. For this piece I wanted to move away from using 3D models (which I had been using previously) and go for a more loose and painterly finish. I found a royalty-free image to base the composition on.

02 Tone down distractions I used a combination of Levels adjustments, Desaturation and also a Smart Blur to get the feel of the buildings down into a narrow muddy value range. We don’t want detail (or people) to stand out at this stage and distract our eye. I also painted loosely over the top to further simplify and further reduce contrast. I added a new road that has more texture and some puddles to give a damp feel.

How I Made: Victorian Gothic03 Force to fit When you’re putting other architectural pieces into your image, they don’t have to fit your perspective perfectly, you can get away with quite a lot of distorting and skewing to force them to conform to your perspective grid. I always place vanishing points in a piece like this so that any additional images I add will adhere to a consistent perspective.

04 Bring on the night I added three adjustment layers on top of the piece; a Levels just to further reduce contrast, a layer filled with blue and set to Hard Light and a Hue/Saturation adjustment just to take down the overall saturation. I stretched the mansion quite considerably and the result was that it looked really spiky and gothic. The light in the doorway was just an experiment to see how warm light could affect the scene.

05 Paint over the piece I started to ‘destroy’ the photos to make way for the painterly finish. It’s important to not rely too much on the photographic base when you want to make a digital painting, especially where architecture is concerned. For atmosphere, I How I Made: Victorian Gothicadded dense smoke and fog using custom brushes and some distant lights. The addition of chimneys adds a reason for the smoke as well as nice silhouettes.

06 Architectural adjustments I found an image of an old house and placed it on the corner. The perspective was totally out so I had to hack it up and skew the front face and the side face separately, then paint over the left-over holes and gaps. Then I started to add paint to the rest of the street so I could add the details back in a more painterly fashion.

07 Bringing the detail back This stage was all about painting in the details by hand and being careful about where the eye is getting drawn. It’s often about experimenting, putting something in, stepping back, seeing if it works. In Step 6 things looked messy but here, the overall direction of verticals and perspective lines are reinforced to add a bit more order.

How I Made: Victorian Gothic08 Light it up I brought the street to life with lights and people. It’s a good idea to make them seem like they’re not just placed in, but are part of some kind of motion or mini story. It may not be apparent at first, but there’s a guy looking up at the candle-lit lady on the balcony, and the running figure to help pull us through the street. Finally I adjusted the contrast of the overall image and added a layer of noise just to make it look a little grainy and film-like.


How I Made: Victorian Gothic

3D base

Although it has a similar dark and compelling tone, this image of Andy Walsh’s was created in a different way

To create this piece and explore the 1980s cinematography of the horror movie, Walsh created a basic street in 3ds Max. “The render was very simple with almost no textures,” he says, “There’s also 3D cars placed in. After that it was all down to Photoshop – putting in dozens of texture overlays as well as adjustment layers to bring out the mood and atmosphere.”